header strategy assumes a reverse proxy is in front of Kiali, such as
OpenUnison or OAuth2 Proxy, injecting the user’s identity into each request to
Kiali as an
Authorization header. This token can be an OpenID Connect
token or any other token the cluster recognizes. All requests to Kubernetes
will be made with this token, allowing Kiali to use the user’s own RBAC
In addition to a user token, the
header strategy supports impersonation
headers. If the impersonation headers are present in the request, then Kiali
will act on behalf of the user specified by the impersonation (assuming the
token supplied in the
Authorization header is authorized to do so).
header strategy takes advantage of the cluster’s RBAC. See the
Role-based access control documentation for more details.
header strategy will work with any Kubernetes cluster. The token provided
must be supported by that cluster. For instance, most “on-prem” clusters support
OpenID Connect, but cloud hosted clusters do not. For clusters that don’t support
a token, the impersonation
headers can be injected by the reverse proxy.
header strategy doesn’t have any additional configuration.
header strategy looks for a token in the
Authorization HTTP header with the
Bearer prefix. The HTTP header should look like:
Authorization: Bearer TOKEN
TOKEN is the appropriate token for your cluster. This
TOKEN will be
submitted to the API server via a
TokenReview to validate the token ONLY
on the first access to Kiali. On subsequent calls the
TOKEN is passed through
directly to the API server.
A policy should be put in place to make sure that the only “client” for Kiali is the authenticating reverse proxy. This helps limit potential abuse and ensures that the authenticating reverse proxy is the source of truth for who accessed Kiali.
Short Lived Tokens
The authenticating reverse proxy should inject a short lived token in the
Authorization header. A shorter lived token is less likely to be abused if
leaked. Kiali will take whatever token is passed into the reqeuest, so as tokens
are regenerated Kiali will use the new token.
The authenticating reverse proxy should use the TokenRequest API instead of static
ServiceAccount tokens when possible while using impersonation. The
ServiceAccount that can impersonate users and groups is privileged and having it
be short lived cuts down on the possibility of a token being leaked while it’s being
passed between different parts of the infrastructure.
Drop Incoming Impersonation Headers
The authenticating proxy MUST drop any headers it receives from a remote client that match the impersonation headers. Not only do you want to make sure that the authenticating proxy can’t be overriden on which user to authenticate, but also what groups they’re a member of.